Sunday, March 26, 2017

Lemon Parmesan Pasta

Lemon Parmesan Pasta

(Go to video by clicking here)

This is one of my favorite spring and summer pasta dishes.  Requested often when I visit my friends or they come over for dinner.  In addition, it is quick and easy.

Ingredients:


  • 1/2 lb long pasta (spaghetti, fettuccine, etc.)
  • 1/2 onion, chopped
  • 3 lemons (zest of 2 lemons)
  • 1/3 cup olive oil
  • 1/4 cup fresh parsley
  • 1/3 cup freshly grated Parmesan 
  • salt/pepper
Total Time: 30 minutes


Start by putting a large pot of water on the stove, as this recipe will not take long to make.

  


Heat a large skillet big enough to hold the pasta, add the olive oil and onions.  After a few minutes, add the zest of the two lemons and juice from 2 and 1/2.  Reserve the other 1/2 for garnish.  Let cook for about 10 minutes on a medium to low heat (this is called infusing the oil).  Cook the pasta until almost done (al dente), and then add directly to the oil mixture.  You may want to add a little pasta water to moisten up the dish.


Next, add the parsley and salt/pepper and mix.  Turn off the heat and add the parmesan.  Transfer the pasta to a serving bowl, and garnish with lemon slices, more cheese, and parsley.


Table 1

Amount
Ingredients
Sodium (mg)
Phosphorus (mg)
Potassium (mg)

1 lb. Pasta - Spaghetti or Fettucini

182
42

1/2 cup  Chopped Onion




1/2 cup  Olive Oil




1/2 cup  Parmigiano Reggiano
28
172


3 Lemons

14.3
58

1/4 cup  Fresh Parsley





Salt/Pepper











Total for whole recipe
28
368.3
100


Recommended daily intake (Non CKD)
2300
700
4700

2 oz Portion size
7
92.075
25



0.30%
13.15%
0.53%

4 oz Portion size
14
184.15
50



0.61%
26.31%
1.06%










One of the factors we face when attempting to cook healthier meals is finding the right ingredients. All too often we as patients are given broad generalizations about certain foods. The problem is that not all items in those generalizations are created equal


The example in this recipe is Parmesan Cheese. Many people may use those green cans you buy in the grocery store. This is parmesan cheese as many people know it. The problem arises when you read the ingredient list. Among the small about of cheese - not even Parmesan by the away - are a variety of additives including cellulose. Cellulose is a natural component of many plants. A very common food additive and often wood pulp is the cheapest option. Now this isn't going to harm most people, even though it dilutes the product and you will end up using more to get the flavor you are looking for.



In patients with CKD, the kidneys are not going to easily process the added items in your food, because they are not doing their job in the first place. There are other items in this product that only add to shelf life. None of which is good for any of us.



Even those solid parmesan block pieces that are not made in the specific regions of Italy have additional ingredients that are only necessary to make the product cheaper. A true Parmesan cheese only has three ingredients: Milk, rennet (all cheese needs this), and salt. That's it. And it England and Italy if you want to call your cheese Parmigiana, you can't add anything else. It's the law. No such law in many other countries including the U.S. As a matter of fact, Parmesan really doesn't have any guidelines in those other countries.



So why does this make a difference? For one if you use the real stuff you will use less to get all the flavor you are looking for, and thus lowering your phosphorus intake. Second, by using a Parmigiana-Reggianno, you will add enough flavor that you can use less added salt to your food. Less sodium in your diet will mean you will retain less fluid. This is important because carrying extra fluid stresses the body between dialysis treatments, and also is harder on the body when removing it.



Good luck, and eat well!







Complete Ingredient Profile




Fat (g)              
Saturated Fat (g)
Phos (mg)
Pot (mg)
Sodium
Calories
Vit A (iu)
Vit C (mg)
Vit K (Mcg)
Vit E (mg) AT
Vit B6 (mg)


RDI
65
22
700
3300
2300
2000
5000
60
120
20
60
Ingredients Amt












Pasta 1 lb

1
0
182.4
86.4
337.6
1600








1.54%
0.00%
26.06%
2.62%
14.68%
80.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
Lemons 3     Zest and juice 6 Tbsps 

0

9.4
174.9
1.5
35.1
28.2
198.6
1.6





0.00%
0.00%
1.34%
5.30%
0.07%
1.76%
0.56%
64.80%
1.33%
0.00%
0.00%
Parmigiano Reggiano 1 oz     (1/2 cup)

7
5
172
13.2
428
121
112


1.2




10.77%
22.73%
24.57%
0.40%
18.61%
6.05%
2.24%
0.00%
0.00%
6.00%
0.00%
Olive oil 1/3 cup

72
10
0
1
1
442
0
0
30.1
7.2
0



110.77%
45.45%
0.00%
0.03%
0.04%
22.10%
0.00%
0.00%
25.08%
36.00%
0.00%
Fresh Parsley 1/4 cup

0
0
18.1
77
7.6

1179.5
18.6
230
0.1




0.00%
0.00%
2.59%
2.33%
0.33%
0.00%
23.59%
31.00%
191.67%
0.50%
0.00%
Onion Chopped 1/2 cup

0
0
23.2
117

4




5.9



0.00%
0.00%
3.31%
3.55%
0.00%
0.20%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
9.83%
Salt (Pinch) 1/8 tsp

0
0


287.5









0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
12.50%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
Pepper


0
0












0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%
0.00%














Total for Dish


80
15
405.1
469.5
1063.2
2202.1
1319.7
217.2
261.7
8.5
5.9



123.08%
68.18%
57.87%
14.23%
46.23%
110.11%
26.39%
362.00%
218.08%
42.50%
9.83%
# of Servings


8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8














Totals per serving


10.00
1.88
50.64
58.69
132.90
275.26
164.96
27.15
32.71
1.06
0.74



15.38%
8.52%
7.23%
1.78%
5.78%
13.76%
3.30%
45.25%
27.26%
5.31%
1.23%

Essential Amino Acid Profile


 Mg needed per gram of Protein
Lemons Juice & Zest  
Recipe 6.1 g 
Pasta no Egg 
Recipe 56 g
Parm. Reggiano Ch. 
Recipe 10 g
Olive Oil
Recipe  .4 g
Onion Chopped
Recipe    .9 g
Total Grams
Total Amino Acid
Total Protein/g
Essential Amino Acids

Protein/g
Recipe
Protein/g
Recipe
Protein/g
Recipe
Protein/g
Recipe
Protein/g
Recipe


















Histidine
18
16.90
103.09
20.28
1135.68
38.70
387.00
27.47
10.99
12.44
11.20
73.4
1647.96
22.45
Isoleuciine
25
36.86
224.83
38.52
2157.12
53.00
530.00
61.05
24.42
11.79
10.61

2946.98
40.15
Methionine
25
11.48
70.00
15.52
869.12
26.80
268.00
25.11
10.04
1.68
1.52

1218.68
16.60
Leucine
55
44.29
270.14
68.00
3808.00
96.70
967.00
98.95
39.58
21.05
18.95

5103.67
69.53
Lysine
51
47.62
290.48
19.16
1072.96
92.58
925.84
80.00
32.00
32.84
29.56

2350.84
32.03
Phenylalanine
47
28.38
173.12
48.40
2710.40
53.80
538.00
49.00
19.60
22.22
20.00

3461.12
47.15
Threonine
27
30.76
187.65
26.44
1480.64
36.90
369.00
45.42
18.17
17.68
15.92

2071.37
28.22
Tryptophan
7
9.81
59.84
12.76
714.56
13.50
135.00
14.32
5.73
12.44
11.20

926.32
12.62
Valine
32
43.29
264.04
42.40
2374.40
68.70
687.00
67.89
27.16
18.67
16.80

3369.40
45.90















Amount per recipe

3 each 

1 lb

1 ouce

4 tbsp

1/2 cup




Protein per recipe (g)

6.1

56

10

0.4

0.9



















Total recipe Protein (g)
73.4













# of servings
8













Protein / serving (g)
9.18




























Not a complete Protein
















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